Dell EMC VEP4600 Operating System Installation Guide Dell Solutions August 2020 Rev.
Notes, cautions, and warnings NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your product. CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the problem. WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death. Copyright © 2018 Dell Inc. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved. Dell, EMC, and other trademarks are trademarks of Dell Inc. or its subsidiaries.
Contents Chapter 1: VEP4600 overview........................................................................................................5 Chapter 2: VEP4600 start up and serial console connection.......................................................... 6 Chapter 3: VEP4600 configuration guidelines.............................................................................. 10 Chapter 4: Update to latest DiagOS.............................................................................................
Configure BIOS to boot from SSD................................................................................................................................59 fstrim functionality.............................................................................................................................................................61 Chapter 12: Configure BIOS and Install ESXi OS.......................................................................... 62 Configure BIOS to boot from USB...............
1 VEP4600 overview The VEP4600 platform is a one rack unit, x86-based networking platform running virtualized universal customer premise equipment (uCPE) functions, and basic switching/routing functions as a top-of-rack device with 4, 8, or 16 cores. Figure 1. VEP4600 platform 1. 3. 5. 7. Platform status icon LEDs SFP+ ports 1000 Base-T networking ports Micro USB-B port 2. 4. 6. 8.
2 VEP4600 start up and serial console connection 1. On a laptop connected to the VEP4600, bring up Windows Device Manager to get the COM port. Windows Device Manager It’s the USB Serial Port drive in this case for our USB to serial console adapter. The COM port number is 4. 2. Using Putty, configure a console connection with the right COM port and speed.
3. Plug in a power cord to the back of VEP4600. It starts to power up immediately. Watch for VEP4600 console window.
After the POST Lower DRAM Memory test text displays, the cursor moves to the upper left corner of the console window. Curser 4. Press the Delete button until the Press
… string displays on the console window. Console window NOTE: If you miss the setup screen, a boot up screen displays. If this happens, power cycle the VEP4600 and press the Delete button. Repeat the process until you see the setup screen.
VEP4600 start up and serial console connection 9
3 VEP4600 configuration guidelines Topics ● Types of VEP4600 with pre-installed OS from manufacturing ● Guidelines for upgrading VEP4600 based on manufacturing configuration This section describes the steps to take to complete the VEP4600 configuration. The VEP4600 will arrive from manufacturing with one of the following configurations. ● Config1: VEP4600 preinstalled with ESXi ● Config2: VEP4600 preinstalled with DiagOS ● Config3: VEP4600 preinstalled with Versa flex NFV Config1 – ESXi v6.
4 Update to latest DiagOS Verify you are running the latest DiagOS as noted in the VEP4600 overview with the following steps: 1. Log in to the Diag OS using root as the username and calvin as the password. 2. Enter the sh_ver command: root@dellemc-diag-os:~#sh_ver Diag OS version VEP4600_DIAG_OS_x.xx.x.xx-x Build date/time Tue Apr 24 00:15:20 PDT 2018 Build server netLogin-eqx-03 Build by cxxxx Kernel Info: Linux 4.9.30 #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Apr 24 00:12:19 PDT 2018 x86_64 GNU/Linux Debian GNU/Linux 8 \n \l ro
5 Upgrade firmware through DiagOS This section describes the steps to take to upgrade the VEP4600’s firmware if your VEP4600 arrived from Dell with the DiagOS as the only operating system. The Unified Firmware Updater will need to be copied to a USB and run from the mounted USB.
Run the Unified Firmware Updater through USB 1. From mounted USB, run the Unified Firmware Updater with the following commands: a. root@dellemc-diag-os:~# cd /mnt/usb b. root@dellemc-diag-os:/mnt/usb# chmod 777 vep4600_ufw_x.x c. root@dellemc-diag-os:/mnt/usb# ./vep4600_ufw_x.x interactive 2. The following menu is displayed below: root@dellemc-diag-os:/mnt/usb# chmod 777 vep4600_ufw_x.x root@dellemc-diag-os:/mnt/usb# ./vep4600_ufw_x.x interactive Creating directory images Verifying archive integrity...
3. Enter 1 Automatically update all firmware components. updating ALL images updating BMC image **************************** * BMC version = x.x * * Back-up Version = x.x * **************************** Already have x.x programmed updating BIOS image ****************************** * BIOS version = 3.41.0.x-xx * ****************************** updating primary image only.. BIOS image is ./VEP4600-BIOS-3.41.0.x-xx.BIN 01 INFO: Yafu INI Configuration File not found... Default options will not be applied...
4. After firmware upgrade completes, enter q to exit. 5. Once all firmware updates are complete, a system power cycle is required either with remote power cycler or manually unplugging and plugging back the power cord. NOTE: Please note that the power down state should be minimum of 15 seconds for the complete power drain.
6 Upgrade firmware through BMC This section describes the steps to take to upgrade the VEP4600’s firmware remotely from a Linux or Windows server. Topics: • • • • Check the existing firmware version Configure BMC management address in BIOS Configure BMC management address on BMC console Run the Unified Firmware Updater from a Linux server Check the existing firmware version To check the current VEP4600 firmware versions when an Operating system is installed: a.
3. Move cursor down to highlight, Configuration address source and press Enter. Select Static. 4. Use Ctrl-h to clear the fields and enter your BMC ip address, Subnet mask and Router IP address (gateway address). Select Static 5. Press the F4 key to Save the changes and exit the utility. 6. Confirm saving the configuration by selecting Yes and press Enter to boot. 7.
Configure BMC management address on BMC console From the BMC console, run the following commands: ipmitool ipmitool ipmitool ipmitool -H -H -H -H 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 -U -U -U -U admin admin admin admin -P -P -P -P admin admin admin admin lan lan lan lan set set set set 1 1 1 1 ipsrc ipaddr xxx.xx.xxx.xx netmask 255.255.255.0 defgw ipaddr xxx.xx.xxx.254 Run the Unified Firmware Updater from a Linux server 1.
firmware_updater/x520/package.xml.sign firmware_updater/x520/getSystemId firmware_updater/x520/shellfit.sh firmware_updater/x520/aqua_map.txt firmware_updater/x520/HashOfHashFileList.txt firmware_updater/x520/spconfig.xml firmware_updater/x520/OSFlavourUtils.sh firmware_updater/x520/00-secupd-dell.rules firmware_updater/x520/mc.txt firmware_updater/x520/sputility.bin firmware_updater/x520/spsetup.sh firmware_updater/x520/sphelp.txt firmware_updater/x520/98-secupdusb.rules firmware_updater/firmware.
firmware_updater/diag/zlib1g-dev_1%3a1.2.8.dfsg-2+b1_amd64.deb firmware_updater/diag/libssl-doc_1.0.1t-1+deb8u6_all.deb firmware_updater/Yafuflash ~/UFW/temp ~/UFW/temp Package version: x.x Packaged images: BMC image: x.x BIOS image: x.xx.x.x-xx CPLD image: XxXX Wifi CPLD image: XxX Note:If BMC version is less than 1.23 CPLD versions will not be shown correctly 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Automatically update all firmware components BMC image[Primary version:x.x, backup version:1.23] BIOS image[Booted version: x.
Setting Env variables... Resetting the firmware.......... Done with updating image Waiting while BMC reboots.. \ updating BIOS image done ****************************** * BIOS version = x.xx.x.x-xx * ****************************** updating primary image only.. BIOS image is ./VEP4600-BIOS-x.xx.x.x-xx.BIN 01 INFO: Yafu INI Configuration File not found... Default options will not be applied... Creating IPMI session via network with address xxx.xx.xxx.xxx...
7 Upgrade rNDC firmware workaround Topics: • • Upgrade rNDC firmware when ESXi is running on VEP4600 Upgrade rNDC firmware when CentOS is running on VEP4600 Upgrade rNDC firmware when ESXi is running on VEP4600 1. Download the rNDC firmware from the Dell Support site: https://www.dell.com/support/home/us/en/19/drivers/ driversdetails?driverid=5vj7v 2. Scroll down to File Name: Intel_LAN_18.8.0_ESXi_FWUPDATEPACKAGE_A00.zip and click on Download File. 3. Copy the Intel_LAN_18.8.0_ESXi_FWUPDATEPACKAGE_A00.
3. Log into CentOS shell and set permissions on the .BIN files to extract them. root@vep0046-fvqqg02:~# chmod 777 Net* 4. Extract the .BIN files to a directory, Example (rNDC): ./< Network_Firmware_xx> --extract root@vep0046-fvqqg02:~# ./Network_Firmware_YHF9V_LN_18.8.9_A00.BIN --extract rNDC Successfully extracted to rNDC root@vep0046-fvqqg02:~# ./Network_Firmware_3W5Y5_LN_18.8.9_A00.BIN --extract rNDC Successfully extracted to rNDC root@vep0046-fvqqg02:~# 5.
successfully. Press any key to exit. 7. The device will reboot. 8. Commands to confirm the firmware was updated: [root@localhost]# ip addr 1: lo: mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.
9. Run the following command to check the version: [root@localhost]# ethtool -i enp101s0f0 driver: i40e version: 2.6.12 firmware-version: 6.80 0x80003d74 18.8.9 – (confirmed FW has been updated) expansion-rom-version: bus-info: 0000:65:00.
8 Prepare bootable USB with OS ISO image This section describes the how to prepare a USB key to install the operating system of your choice. For this procedure, you need a bootable USB. On a Windows CPU, use Rufus to burn the bootable USB. Topics: • • Prepare bootable USB Download Rufus Prepare bootable USB Download Rufus 1. To download Rufus, go to: https://rufus.akeo.ie 2. Open Rufus and click on SELECT button to load the ISO image from the Windows disks.
3. Navigate to the ISO file and click to select the file. Select ISO file 4. Verify that the file name selected displays at the bottom of the Rufus device dialog box.
Rufus device dialog box NOTE: Use the same process to burn a USB with Ubuntu, Adva and ESXi ISO images.
9 Configure BIOS and install RHEL OS Topics: • • • • Configure BIOS to boot from USB Install Red Hat OS Start Red Hat OS installation Configure BIOS to boot from SSD Configure BIOS to boot from USB 1. Boot the VEP4600 into the BIOS and tab to the Boot menu. For more information on how to access the BIOS, see VEP4600 Start up and serial console. 2. Select the Advanced tab. Select CSM Configuration and press Enter. CSM Configuration CSM support enabled 3. Use UEFI to install the Red Hat OS. 4.
6. Select Red Hat OS USB as the first option. 7. Press the F4 key to Save the changes and exit the utility. 8. Confirm saving the configuration by selecting Yes and press Enter. 9. The system will now boot from the USB. Install Red Hat OS 1. Boot into the Red Hat GRUB installation menu.
2. Type e to edit the installation menu entry. 3. Attach the console=ttyS0,115200 string to the end of the first install line. 4. Press ctrl-x to start the installation. 5. Select 4 for Software selection.
6. Select Minimal Install from the options. 7. Configure the disk destination for the installation by entering 5 and enter 1 for hard drive, then enter c to continue.
8. Enter 3 to Use Free Space, then enter c to continue. CAUTION: You must select this option. If you do not select this option, the Red Hat OS deletes the DIAG OS.
9. Enter 3 to select LVM, then enter c to continue. 10. Enter 2 to configure the Time settings.
11. Enter 9 to configure User creation. 12. Optionally, configure the root password.
Configure BIOS and install RHEL OS
Configure BIOS and install RHEL OS 37
13. Select 7 for network configuration of management interface. Configure Network interface 14. And assign IPV4, netmask, gateway, name server as per network setup.
Network configuration complete Start Red Hat OS installation 1. Enter b to start the installation.
2. The installation process begins.
3. Remove the USB and press Return to reboot the system after the installation completes.
Configure BIOS to boot from SSD 1. Boot up the VEP4600 and navigate to the BIOS settings. 2. Navigate to Boot Tab. Scroll to Hard Disk Drive BBS Priorities using the up and down arrow keys and press Enter. 3. Select Red Hat Boot Manager as Boot Option #1.
4. Configure the boot order priorities and select Red Hat as the first boot option. 5. Traverse to Save & Exit tab and hit enter on Save Changes and Exit. Select Yes to start reboot. Red Hat 7.
6. Enter the user credentials and verify. 7. Enter the root credentials and verify.
10 Configure BIOS and install Ubuntu OS Topics: • • • • Configure BIOS to boot from USB Ubuntu OS installation Configure BIOS to boot from SSD fstrim functionality Configure BIOS to boot from USB 1. Boot into BIOS settings, select CSM configuration under Advanced Tab. 2.
3. Go to the Boot tab. 4. Under Boot Option #1, press Enter and select USB .
5. If you don’t see required USB boot, go down to UEFI USB Drive BBS Priorities and press Enter. 6. Make sure the required USB is selected.
7. Press the F4 key to save the changes and exit the utility. 8. Confirm saving the configuration by selecting Yes and press Enter. 9. The system will boot from the USB and start the installation. Ubuntu OS installation 1. Boot into Ubuntu GRUB menu.
2. Type e and Add console=ttyS0,115200 string as shown in the following figure. Edit Boot Entry 3. Press ctrl-x to start the installation. 4. Choose Preferred Language (In this case, preferred language selection is English) 5. Select Done. 6. Select Install Ubuntu.
7. Scroll up/down to select management network interface accordingly (In this case, enp4s0 is selected as management interface of the VEP4600 device) 8. Follow the installation wizard to complete interface configuration (In this case, choose Edit IPv4 from the list to modify Interface configuration for static IP assignment). Choose Edit IPv4 9. Fill the entries manually according to your network (Subnet, Address, Gateway and Name Server) 10. Click Done to apply network configuration.
Applying network configuration 11. Click Done. Proxy address 12. Click Done. 13. Select Use Entire Disk and Set Up LVM or follow the installation wizard for different configuration options.
14. Select Hard Drive. 15. Click Done to continue the selected disk partition format. 16. Select Continue to start the installation.
17. Enter your profile information and choose Done. 18. Click Done to start the installation. 19. After Installation completes, remove the USB from the device. 20. Choose Reboot Now.
Configure BIOS to boot from SSD 1. Change the Boot Option Priority to Ubuntu Hard Drive in the Boot Tab. Select Ubuntu Hard Drive 2.
Boot up screen fstrim functionality Execute the following command to ensure that the fstrim functionality is enabled and active: systemctl status fstrim.timer fstrim.timer - Discard unused blocks once a week Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/fstrim.
11 Configure BIOS and install Adva OS Topics: • • • • Configure BIOS to boot from USB ADVA OS installation Configure BIOS to boot from SSD fstrim functionality Configure BIOS to boot from USB 1. Boot into the BIOS and go to the Advanced menu tab. 2. Select CSM Configuration and press Enter . 3. Change the Boot option filter to UEFI and Legacy mode.
4. Disable Hyper-Threading a. Tab to Socket Configuration, press Enter on Processor Configuration b. Scroll down to Hyper-Threading, press Enter and select Disable. 5. Go to the Boot menu, select USB using the up and down arrows for Boot Option #1 and press Enter. Select USB 6. Press the F4 key to Save the changes and exit the utility. 7. Confirm saving the configuration by selecting Yes and press Enter.
8. The system will boot from the USB and start the installation. ADVA OS installation 1. The OS installation starts.
Power down prompt 2. Remove the USB and start up the system. NOTE: User required to power on/off device either physically or by using PDU. Configure BIOS to boot from SSD 1. After the install completes, reboot the system and go into the BIOS settings. 2. In the Boot menu, select Hard Drive BBS Priorities then press Enter.
3. Select sSATA P3: INTEL as Boot Option #1. 4. Press the F4 key to Save the changes and exit the utility. 5. Save the configuration by selecting Yes and press Enter. 6. The system will boot from the hard drive.
7. Log in to the ADVA OS (with username as root and password as overture) fstrim functionality Execute the following command to ensure that the fstrim functionality is enabled and active: systemctl status fstrim.timer fstrim.timer - Discard unused blocks once a week Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/fstrim.
12 Configure BIOS and Install ESXi OS Topics: • • • • • • • • Configure BIOS to boot from USB Install ESXi OS Configure BIOS to boot from SSD Logging into ESXi Configuring the network on ESXi How to Enable LTE/Wi-Fi card How to add ESXi license How to check for TRIM settings Configure BIOS to boot from USB 1. In BIOS, set Boot Option Filter to UEFI only. a. Navigate to Advanced menu tab using left-right arrow keys. Select CSM Configuration. b.
2. Enable Hyper-Threading a. Tab to Socket Configuration, press Enter on Processor Configuration . b. Scroll down to Hyper-Threading, press Enter and select Enable.
3. Tab to Boot menu, select the ESXi bootable USB (UEFI: Partition 1) as Boot Option #1, then press Enter . 4. Press the F4 key to save the changes and exit the utility. 5. Confirm saving the configuration by selecting Yes and press Enter. 6. The system will boot from the USB and start the ESXI installation.
ESXi installation output Install ESXi OS NOTE: The output listed here is for ESXi 6.7 U3 installation and the installation steps are similar for ESXi 7.0. 1. Press Enter to continue installation process. 2. Press F11 to Accept and Continue License Agreement.
3. Select SSD as the destination disk. 4. If ESXi is already present on the disk, select option needed. Use arrow keys and space-bar to select the option and Enter.
5. Confirm the disk selection by pressing Enter. 6. Select the keyboard layout option using up down keys and press Enter. 7. Enter Root Password and press Enter 8. Press F11 to confirm the repartition and installation.
9. The ESXi installation status screen displays. 10. Press Enter to reboot after the installation completion screen displays. Configure BIOS to boot from SSD 1. Boot into the BIOS settings and select the Boot menu tab. 2. Select the hard disk as Boot Option 1.
3. Press F4 to save changes and exit. Select Yes and press Enter. Logging into ESXi NOTE: Logging into the ESXi console will invoke the 60-day trial license. 1. Login credentials for ESXi on the VEP4600 are Login Name root and Password is the unit's plus !. NOTE: To get the service tag, copy the luggage tag on the top right corner of the VEP4600 server. The service tag can also be found in the BIOS. 2. To view service tag in the BIOS, go to the Server Mgmt tab.
3. Scroll down to View FRU information and press Enter. NOTE: System serial number is the service tag. 4. To log into the serial console: a. After ESXi boots, press F2. b. Enter the required login and password credentials at the login screen then press Enter.
Configuring the network on ESXi 1. After booting with ESXi, press F2 to configure the network. 2. Select Configure Management Network from the System Customization screen then press Enter.
3. Select Network Adapters using the up and down arrow keys from the Configure Management Network screen and press Enter. 4. Using space-bar select the network adapter that is Connected, and press Enter.
5. Select IPv4 Configuration. 6. Select IPv4 address and network configuration using space-bar. 7. Enter IPv4 Address, Subnet Mask and Default Gateway in the fields and press Enter.
8. Select DNS Configuration and press Enter. 9. Select Use the following DNS server addresses and hostname using the space-bar. 10. Enter Primary DNS Server, Alternate DNS Server (if applicable), Hostname and press Enter.
11. Press Esc and then Y key to confirm the changes and restart management network. How to Enable LTE/Wi-Fi card 1. Select Troubleshooting Options in the System Customization Menu and press Enter.
2. Select Enable ESXi Shell from the Troubleshooting Mode Options and press Enter to enable the service. 3. Select Enable SSH and press Enter to enable the service. 4. Log in to the ESXi Shell and add the following entries in the passthru.map file located at /etc/vmware/ passthru.map 168c 003c d3d0 false How to add ESXi license 1. Log into ESXi vSphere UI.
2. Click Manage from the menu on the left panel. Click on the Licensing tab 3. Enter a valid license and click Check license.
How to check for TRIM settings 1. Retrieve SSD/datastore UUID using the following command: ls -l /vmfs/volumes lrwxr-xr-x 1 root root b6e77d92-0a71-3c2c304d0e80 35 Jul 10 21:55 datastore1 -> 5dfa78d5- 2. Please execute the following command to ensure that the TRIM is enabled on the ESXi OS.