Sawing, grinding and drilling generate dust. Excessive airborne particles may cause irritation to eyes,
skin and respiratory tract. To avoid breathing impairment, always employ dust controls and protection
suitable to the material being sawed or drilled; See OSHA (29 CFR Part 1910.1200).
Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drilling, and other construction activities con-
tain chemicals known (to the State of California) to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Some examples of these chemicals are:
Lead, from lead-based paints
Crystalline silica from bricks, cement and other masonry products
Arsenic and chromium, from chemically treated lumber
For further information, consult the following sources:
Your risk from these exposures varies depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce
your exposure to these chemicals, work in a well-ventilated area, and work with approved safety
equipment, such as dust masks that are specially designed to lter out microscopic particles. Where
use of a dust extraction device is possible, it should be used. To achieve a high level of dust collec-
tion, use an industrial HEPA vacuum cleaner. Observe OSHA 29 CFR part 1926.57 and 1926.103.
Grinding/cutting/drilling of masonry, concrete, metal and other materials with silica in their composition
may give off dust or mists containing crystalline silica. Silica is a basic component of sand, quartz,
brick clay, granite and numerous other minerals and rocks. Repeated and/or substantial inhalation of
airborne crystalline silica can cause serious or fatal respiratory diseases, including silicosis. In ad-
dition, California and some other authorities have listed respirable crystalline silica as a substance
known to cause cancer. When cutting such materials, always follow respiratory precautions.
Use appropriate NIOSH-approved respiratory protection where dust hazard may occur. Paper masks
or surgical masks without a NIOSH approval number are not recommended because they do little to
protect the worker. For more information about respirator programs, including what respirators have
received NIOSH approval as safe and effective, please visit the NIOSH website at:
Observe OSHA regulations for respirator use (29 C.F.R.§1910.134).
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